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"I believe that to meet the challenges of our times, human beings will have to develop a greater sense of universal responsibility. It is the foundation for world peace."

Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Liu Jianchao's Regular Press Conference

October 21, 2007

19 October 2007

On the afternoon of October 18, Foreign Ministry Spokesperson Liu
Jianchao held a regular press conference.

Liu: Good afternoon, ladies and gentlemen. First of all, I will start
with a statement on the awarding of the so-called Congressional Gold
Medal to the Dalai Lama by the US Congress.

On October 17, the US Congress awarded the Dalai Lama the
Congressional Gold Medal at the Capitol in Washington. President Bush
and several Congressmen were present and made remarks. The move of the
US is a blatant interference with China's internal affairs, which has
severely hurt the feelings of the Chinese people and gravely
undermined the relationship between China and the US. Foreign Minister
Yang Jiechi summoned US Ambassador Randt on October 18 and lodged
strong protest on behalf of the Chinese Government.

Tibet is an inalienable part of the Chinese territory. Issues of Tibet
are totally internal affairs of China. China is opposed to any
interference in China's domestic affairs by any country or any
individual by taking the advantage of the Dalai Lama issue. The words
and deeds of the Dalai Lama for the past decades make it evident that
he is a political exile bent on engaging in activities aimed at
splitting the motherland under the robe of religion. The US Congress
awarding a medal to him and US leadership attending the occasion and
meeting with him is a grave violation of the fundamental norms
governing international relations and the position repeated by the US
Government on many occasions to recognize Tibet as an inseparable part
of the Chinese territory. China expresses its strong dissatisfaction
and resolute opposition. The Chinese people have a solid resolve to
safeguard national sovereignty and territorial integrity. Any attempt
to interfere in China's own affairs by using the Dalai Lama issue is
doomed to failure.

China urges the US to take effective measures immediately to undo the
severe adverse impact of its erroneous act, cease supporting and
conniving at the separatist activities of the Tibet Independence
elements, stop interfering with China's internal affairs and take
concrete steps to protect China-US relationship.

I also have an announcement to make.

As agreed by China, Russia and India through consultation, the
trilateral meeting of foreign ministers of the three countries will be
held in Harbin, Northern China on October 24. During the meeting, the
ministers will mainly exchange views over international and regional
issues and discuss trilateral pragmatic cooperation.

Now, I'd like to take your questions.

Q: What concrete effect will the US awarding a medal to the Dalai Lama
have on China-US relations? What specific counter measures will China
take?

A: What I want to emphasize is that the above-mentioned erroneous
actions by the US have severely undermined China-US relations. We urge
the US to take effective measures immediately so as to undo the damage
of its erroneous act, cease conniving at and supporting the separatist
activities of the Tibet Independent elements and stop interfering with
China's internal affairs.

Q: Viet Nam was just elected the non-permanent member of the UN
Security Council for 2008-2009. What's China's reaction to this? Also,
can you comment on General Secretary of the Communist Party of Viet
Nam, Nong Duc Manh's visit to the DPRK?

A: China supports and congratulates Viet Nam on its election as the
non-permanent member of the UN Security Council for 2008-2009. We are
ready to maintain close coordination and cooperation with Viet Nam in
the Security Council affairs.

Viet Nam and the DPRK are both friendly neighbors of China. We welcome
and support the continuous development of the relationship between
Viet Nam and the DPRK.

Q: Some reports say that US President Bush has had a phone
conversation with President Hu Jintao. Please brief us on that. My
second question is, when receiving the award the Dalai Lama said that
he didn't seek for Tibet Independence and he had no hidden purpose.
What's your response to this?

A: On your first question, the two sides did not have any phone
conversation recently.

On your second question, views vary concerning Dalai. The US leaders
and Congress also made comments on Dalai's deeds during the awarding
ceremony. What I want to say is that, the Chinese people know better
than anybody else what kind person Dalai is, which I believe the US
side is well aware of. Let's look back on the feudalist serfdom system
in the old Tibet. I don't know if you have had any through study on
this system. This is a very dark and cruel system and Dalai happens to
be the ruler in that system. Dalai fled aboard after a failed armed
revolt in 1959. Ever since then, he has never stopped manipulating
overseas Tibet Independence elements to carry out anti-China
separatist activities. Here are a few examples. Dalai scrabbled and
controlled the so-called Tibet Government in exile and documented the
so-called constitution for the exile Tibetans to pursue Tibet
Independence. Dalai also asked the Han Chinese to leave Tibet and the
Central Government not to station troops in Tibet. It is not difficult
to see from his words and deeds that he is actually seeking for Tibet
Independence. He claimed that he had given up on Tibet Independence.
Yet it is merely his camouflage to gain international support.
Therefore, Dalai is not a religious or a spiritual leader, but a
ringleader of separatists and trouble-makers. I want to reiterate that
any attempt to separate China using foreign forces is doomed to
failure and so is any attempt to interfere with China's internal
affairs using the Dalai issue.

Q: President Bush said that China should allow the Dalai Lama to go
back to China. What is your response?

A: How to deal with the issues of the Dalai Lama and Tibet shall be
decided by the Chinese people themselves. The Chinese people know what
they shall do and other countries' teaching is not welcome.

Q: It is reported that the US expert team to the DPRK for verification
will arrive in Beijing today. Will China be updated on the relevant
situation? Since the release of the Second-Phase Actions for the
implementation of the Joint Statement, what steps have the parties
concerned taken to translate the document into reality? Is there any
progress in this regard?

A: As you all know, the Second Session of the Sixth Round of the
Six-party Talks set the Second-Phase Actions for the implementation of
the Joint Statement and issued another important document in the
process of the Talks marking new progress in the process. China
sincerely hopes the parties concerned make concerted efforts to
implement the document in a comprehensive, balanced and smooth way.

As the follow-up measures of the Second Session of the Sixth Round of
the Six-party Talks, agreed by the six parties, the US expert team
left for the DPRK to prepare for the disablement on October 11.
According to my knowledge, they may conclude their work in the DPRK
today. The officials from China and the US at the working level will
meet this afternoon in Beijing, while I have no specific information
at hand now. The Working Group on economic and energy assistance to
the DPRK will also meet in the near future to discuss the relevant
issues on the implementation of the Second-Phase Actions.

We are relieved to see the consensus reached by the parties concerned
on the Korean Peninsula nuclear issue and the Six-party Talks as well
as the achievements of the work. We hope the parties concerned
continue joining their hands to press ahead with the Talks.

Q: Yesterday the Parliament of Turkey adopted a resolution to approve
that Turkish troops may cross the border to attack the Kurdish
rebellion forces in northern Iraq. Do you have any comment?

A: China expresses concern over the recent development of the
situation in the region. We sincerely hope that the parties concerned
properly resolve relevant issues through dialogue and consultation.

Q:The Japanese media reported that, a consultancy company commissioned
to dispose of chemical weapons abandoned by Japan in China was
investigated by Japanese police for accounting irregularities. What is
your view on the Japanese government authorizing a private company to
dispose of chemical weapons abandoned by Japan in China? Do you think
the incident will affect the disposal of those chemical weapons?

A: China has taken note of the report. The disposal of the chemical
weapons abandoned by Japan in China is an important work for the
implementation of the Convention on the Banning of Chemical Weapons
(CWC) and the Memorandum on the Destruction of the Chemical Weapons
abandoned by Japan in China between the Governments of China and
Japan. China hopes the incident will not affect the disposal of
chemicals weapons abandoned by Japan in China and Japan can resolve
the issue in a responsible attitude at an early date.

Q: Yesterday a Chinese official in charge with religious affairs said
that China is ready to establish diplomatic relations with Vatican
under the precondition that Vatican recognizes the one China principle
and severs its so-called diplomatic relations with Taiwan. Please
confirm.

A: China sincerely hopes to normalize relations with Vatican. You are
very familiar with the two important principles in this regard. First,
Vatican shall properly handle the Taiwan question and must sever the
so-called diplomatic relations with Taiwan, recognize the government
of the P.R.C as the sole legitimate government representing the whole
of China and stick to the one-China principle. Second, Vatican should
not interfere with China's internal affairs, under whatever name
including that of religion. We hope that Vatican exert sincerity and
take concrete steps to normalize the bilateral relations.

Q: The Dalai Lama said he has sent representatives to China six times
before and he will continue to do so in the future. Will China accept
the visits by his representatives and have dialogue with them?

A: I don't think the Dalai Lama has the sincerity in this regard based
on what I see from his recent actions.

If there are no further questions, thank you!

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