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Tibet Protests Turn Violent

March 15, 2008

BEIJING, March 14 (AP) — Angry protesters set shops ablaze and gunfire
was reported in Tibet's regional capital Friday as the largest
demonstrations in two decades against Chinese rule turned violent just
months ahead of the Beijing Olympics.

The protests, in their fifth day and led by monks supporting Tibet's
exiled spiritual leader, the Dalai Lama, threatened to cast a shadow
over China's efforts to portray a unified and prosperous nation in the
run-up to the games.

Protesters set shops and police vehicles on fire in Lhasa, state media
and witnesses said. The U.S. Embassy in Beijing warned Americans to
stay away, saying it had "received firsthand reports from American
citizens in the city who report gunfire and other indications of
violence."

The protests are the largest and most sustained in Lhasa since Beijing
crushed a wave of pro-independence demonstrations in 1989. Since then,
China has invested in the region, vilified the Dalai Lama and tried to
weed out his supporters among the influential Buddhist clergy.

But Tibetans inside and outside the country have sought to use the
Olympic Games' high profile to call attention to their cause. Beijing
has accused the Dalai Lama — who many Tibetans consider their rightful
ruler — of trying to sabotage the games.

A Lhasa resident, who asked to be unnamed for fear of government
reprisal, said military police had closed all roads leading to the
city center.

"The situation is quite serious. There's a curfew in the city and I
can see military police block all the roads to the center of the city.
Nearly all the stores and shops are closed," the resident said.

A Tibetan woman who has family in the city said protesters were setting fires.

"The monks are still protesting. Police and army cars were burned.
There are people crying," said the witness, who also requested
anonymity for fear of government reprisal. "Hundreds of people,
including monks and civilians are in the protest."

Tensions in the Tibetan capital have increased in recent days. The
city's three biggest monasteries were sealed off by thousands of
soldiers and armed police in a government crackdown against the
protests, the U.S.-funded Radio Free Asia reported Friday.

Monks at the major Sera Monastery launched a hunger strike Thursday to
demand that armed police withdraw from the monastery grounds and
detained monks be released, RFA reported.

At the Drepung Monastery, two Buddhist monks are in critical condition
after attempting to commit suicide by slashing their wrists, RFA said,
citing authoritative sources.

Also believed to be under watch is a third monastery, Ganden. The
London-based International Campaign for Tibet said monks from the
Ganden monastery mounted protests Thursday, becoming the last of the
three historically important monasteries known as the "Three Pillars
of Tibet" to join in the demonstrations.

Tourists were mainly staying off the streets and were being warned
away from all the monasteries, said one tourist staying at a Lhasa
hotel.

"The Red Army is downtown. It's not safe to walk around. All the major
monasteries are closed," said the tourist, who refused to give her
name or her nationality. "Tourists don't feel comfortable walking
around because police are all over."

The Chinese government was trying to keep foreigners from getting in,
with travel agents in China and neighboring Nepal refusing to issue
the special permits needed to visit the region.

It is extremely difficult to get independent verification of events in
Tibet since China maintains rigid control over the area. Journalists
are rarely granted access except under highly controlled
circumstances.

Officials who answered phones at police and Communist Party offices in
Tibet on Friday said they had no information about the violence and
refused to comment.

Beijing maintains that Tibet is historically a part of China. But many
Tibetans argue the Himalayan region was virtually independent for
centuries and accuse China of trying to crush Tibetan culture by
swamping it with Han people, the majority Chinese ethnic group.

The protests by the Buddhist monks began Monday, the anniversary of
the failed 1959 Tibetan uprising against Beijing rule.

In northern India, meanwhile, organizers said more than 100 Tibetan
exiles began a two-week detention after police arrested them during a
march to their homeland to protest China's hosting of the Olympics.

March coordinator Tenzin Palkyi said Friday the exiles were being kept
in detention in a state-run hotel while authorities investigate the
charges of threatening the "peace and tranquility" of the region.
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