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"I believe that to meet the challenges of our times, human beings will have to develop a greater sense of universal responsibility. It is the foundation for world peace."

China Promises Tibet Compensation

March 31, 2008

By SCOTT McDONALD

BEIJING 29 March 2008 (AP) — Beijing will compensate victims of
anti-government protests in Tibet, a state news agency said Saturday,
while diplomats were taken to visit the region in an effort by China to
show it has restored order.

The communist government wants to enforce calm quickly following the
riots, which drew attention to its human rights record as it prepares
for this summer's Beijing Olympics.

Families of 18 civilians killed will each receive $28,500, the Xinhua
News Agency said, citing an announcement by the Beijing-installed Tibet
regional government. It said people injured will receive free medical
care and owners of damaged homes and shops will get help rebuilding.

About two dozen diplomats from countries including the United States,
Britain and Japan were in Tibet on Saturday on a government-organized
trip. The Chinese foreign ministry did not respond to a request for
details of their agenda.

The visit comes after a similar one by foreign journalists to Tibet's
regional capital, Lhasa, backfired when about 30 crying monks burst into
a briefing room shouting there was no religious freedom in Tibet.

Beijing says 22 people died in protests that spread earlier this month
to dozens of Tibetan communities across western China, in the broadest
challenges to Chinese rule in decades. Tibetan exiles say almost 140 are
dead.

Xinhua gave no indication Saturday whether there would be compensation
for four other deaths — one police officer and three people who the
government says were fleeing arrest.

The government says 382 civilians and 241 police officers also were
hurt. The protests, led by monks, began peacefully March 10, on the
anniversary of a failed 1959 uprising against Chinese rule. Tibet had
been effectively independent for decades before Chinese communist troops
entered in 1950.

Beijing blames the unrest on supporters of the Dalai Lama, the Tibetan
spiritual leader who lives in exile in India.

On Saturday the Dalai Lama accused Beijing of "demographic aggression" —
encouraging settlers from China's ethnic Han majority to move to the
sparsely Tibetan populated region.

He said the number of settlers in Tibet was expected to increase by more
than 1 million following the Olympics, but did not say where he obtained
such information.

"There is evidence the Chinese people in Tibet are increasing month by
month," the Tibetan spiritual leader told reporters in New Delhi.

Lhasa has 100,000 Tibetans and twice as many outsiders, the majority of
them from the Han majority, the Dalai Lama said.

In Hong Kong, John Kamm, a veteran activist who met recently with
Chinese officials, said the officials indicated that Beijing would not
back down on Tibet despite any possible complications over the Olympics.

"I doubt frankly that they're going to be willing to do much with
respect to Tibet. I'm very doubtful, for instance, that the Chinese
leadership will agree to meet with the Dalai Lama," said Kamm, the
executive director of the Dui Hua Foundation in San Francisco. He did
not identify the officials he spoke to.

Kamm said one official told him "any sign of concession would be seen as
a sign of weakness."

Kamm's group researches Chinese prisons and has helped to arrange the
release of political prisoners.

The United States is represented on the Tibet trip by a second secretary
from the U.S. Embassy in Beijing, State Department spokesman Sean
McCormack said in Washington.

"He is somebody in the political section who speaks fluent Mandarin and
his portfolio is Tibet," he said.

The protests in Tibet and in other provinces with sizable Tibetan
populations have threatened to mar Beijing's effort to use the Olympics
in August to showcase China as a confident, respected power.

President Bush and Australian Prime Minister Kevin Rudd said Friday they
want Chinese leaders to meet with the Dalai Lama to defuse tensions.

"It is absolutely clear that there are human rights abuses in Tibet,"
Rudd told reporters after meeting Bush in Washington.

European Union foreign ministers gathering in Slovenia on Friday
appealed to China to resolve the crisis peacefully.

Associated Press Writers Ashok Sharma in New Delhi and Min Lee in Hong
Kong contributed to this report.
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