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"We Tibetans are looking for a legitimate and meaningful autonomy, an arrangement that would enable Tibetans to live within the framework of the People’s Republic of China."

Chinese incursions along the border with India are up

July 27, 2008

AsiaNews (Italy)
July 25, 2008

Beijing is pushing India to cede 'southern Tibet', the Indian state
of Arunachal Pradesh. The demand is falling however on deaf ears in
New Delhi which is instead reopening an airfield at 4,960 metres
above sea level that overlooks the region, especially the Karakoram
Highway to Pakistan.

Beijing (AsiaNews/Agencies) -- Chinese incursions along the
4,057-km-long Sino-Indian border have increased in 2008. New Delhi
has responded by re-building an airfield at 4,960 metres (16,200
feet) close to the border. The control of that part of Tibet under
Indian rule but claimed by mainland China is at stake.

Borders between the two nations have not been demarcated on maps or
delineated on the ground after the border war of 1962 which India
lost. New Delhi claims some 38,000 sq km of territory in Chinese-held
Aksai Chin in the north-eastern corner of Jammu and Kashmir as well
as 5,180 sq km of land in Kashmir ceded to China by Pakistan in 1963.
For its part, China lays claim to around 90,000 sq km of territory in
India's northeast, roughly approximating the India state of Arunachal
Pradesh. China refers to it as "southern Tibet".

In mid-June both sides said that their territorial dispute was
resolved but in the first six months of the year China has carried
out over 65 incursions into the Indian state of Sikkim.

Sikkim itself is not at stake but many believe that China is putting
pressure on India here in order to get Arunachal Pradesh, especially Tawang.

Nestled in the eastern Himalayas at an altitude of 3,400 meters,
Tawang is a critical corridor between Lhasa and the Brahmaputra
Valley. It would give China the means to control the entire area.

There is also Tawang's link with Tibetan Buddhism and its religious
and emotional significance for Tibetans. It is home to the second
most important Tibetan monastery after the Potala Palace in Lhasa, a
virtual treasure trove of Tibetan Buddhist religion and culture
compared to the cultural genocide currently underway in Tibet. The
area is also fertile and rich in minerals

Scholars have argued that Tawang is central to Beijing's control over
Tibet and would buttress Beijing's religious and cultural legitimacy
claim that Tibet is an integral part of China. And China's occupation
of Aksai Chin has consolidated its military control over Tibet by
securing an all-weather, year-round overland access to Tibet.

For this same reason Tibetans and the Dalai Lama insist that Tawang
and Arunachal Pradesh are part of India, whilst China wants to annex
it to the rest of Tibet as "Chinese territory."

However New Delhi cannot afford to give in and surrender millions of
people who have always been Indian. Thus it is investing billions of
dollars into improving communication and transportation links with
the rest of the country, reinforcing its military presence in the
area, reopening the Daulat Beg Oldi airfield in Ladakh in Jammu and
Kashmir at 4,960 meters, ideal for dropping or picking up troops and
supplies, located a mere eight kilometres from the Sino-Indian Line
of Actual Control, and more importantly overlooking the strategic
Karakoram Highway that links China and Pakistan.

China can be expected to be quiet before the Games, but one cannot
exclude that it might up the ante after they are over, warned
Shantonu Choudhry, a former vice chief of army staff, especially "if
India's political center is perceived as weak and pusillanimous."
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