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"Canada can, within a positive friendly atmosphere, ask the Chinese government to resolve the Tibetan situation."

Roadblocks hit trade at historic India, China mountain pass

July 28, 2008

AFP
July 27, 2008

SHERATHANG, India (AFP) -- Guo Ting stands patiently in the drizzling
rain hoping to sell her wares, about half a dozen blankets wrapped in
plastic, but only a few shoppers show up and nobody is buying.

"Business is not good as the market is too small," says Guo as she
waits for custom at the Sherathang mart, about five kilometres (three
miles) from the ancient Nathu La border crossing between India and China.

When the two Asian giants opened the 4,500-metre-high (15,000 feet)
pass in 2006 to improve ties dogged by a bitter war in 1962 that saw
the route closed for 44 years, many on both sides hoped it would boost trade.

Two years on, optimism has given way to despair as the flow of
traders has shrunk to a trickle because of red tape, poor facilities
and sub-standard roads in India's remote northeastern mountainous
state of Sikkim.

Guo is among about 35 traders who cross the border daily from China's
Tibetan region, while five or so Indians hawk their goods across
Nathu La on weekdays when business is allowed.

Two years ago, as many as 50 Indians a day used the historic road for
trade, but this year only 30 businessmen have applied for special
permits, according to the Sikkim Chamber of Commerce.

"I don't have a permit. There's no use in going there when they can
buy from us here," said Dolma Tsochung, who runs a shop at Sherathang
market, where the Chinese do business.

Monthly trade has been cut by nearly two-thirds of what it was two
years ago to about 700,000 rupees (16,200 dollars) -- a pittance
compared to the 38.7 billion dollars of overall business the two
countries conducted last year.

India and China aim to boost trade to 60 billion dollars in the next
two years -- a large chunk of which experts say can be facilitated
through Nathu La, the shortest route for freight between the two countries.

But traders complain that an outdated list of goods allowed to be
traded is stifling potential.

Indians can export 29 goods and import 15, including goat skin and horses.

"The list is so outdated. We used to dismantle cars and send them to
China to be reassembled there 40 years ago, and today we are supposed
to be trading in horses," said S.K Sarda, president of the Sikkim
Chamber of Commerce.

"The bureaucrats sitting in their air-conditioned offices in Delhi
have no idea about what's happening on the ground."

Business is also restricted to the traders of the tiny Sikkim state
-- which lies between China, Bhutan and Nepal -- for the first five
years, while there is far more potential from the neighbouring
district of West Bengal.

At Sherathang, as the 2:30 pm closing time approaches, traders pack
their goods and wrap them in the plastic sheets under which they do
business so that they can be escorted back to the border by Chinese officials.

While the Chinese are allowed as far as Sherathang, Indians traders
can go up to to the village of Renqinggang in Tibet.

The steep 52-kilometre (30-mile) drive from the Sikkim capital of
Gangtok to Nathu La takes more than three hours -- making it
impossible for more than a few to do business there.

"When things are much cheaper in Siliguri and Kolkata," the main
cities in West Bengal, "why would anyone come here to buy from the
Chinese," asks Tsering Bhutia, an interpreter who helps traders drive
a hard bargain with his knowledge of four local languages.

The Sikkim government, however, has promised to widen roads and is
considering a rail link.

Along the Gangtok-Nathu La route, dozens of workers are blasting the
mountains to make the route wider so it can facilitate international trade.

The Sikkim Chamber of Commerce also holds out hope as the government
considers a proposal by a private US firm for an ambitious rail link
through a tunnel in the mountains which will cut costs considerably.

"Discussions on the tunnel are still going on. If the rail link
comes, up to 40 percent of India-China trade can be conducted through
Nathu La," said Sarda of the traders' body.

The railway could cut the time it takes to get from Siliguri town to
Gangtok to 40 minutes, from three hours.

"The cost of freight and transit will be much lower then. If we could
do massive trade before the 60s, we can still do it," Sarda said.
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