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Defiance and Sacrifice During a New Year like No Other

March 3, 2009

agamsgecko.blogspot.com
February 28, 2009
 
The first noteworthy date of 2009, Losar, has passed in Tibet with very little celebration -- but with a fair measure of defiance and sacrifice. Several large
demonstrations of peaceful resistance to China's oppression were shown by Tibetans. Chinese security forces demonstrated how not to save a burning man.

But of course, saving him was never their intention. Perhaps now the world may take notice of their actual intent. The photograph at left is another infuriating example
of China's intentions for their Tibetan colony.

Yesterday afternoon at around 1 pm, about 1000 monks at Kirti Monastery (Ngaba County and Prefecture) gathered before the monastery's main prayer hall to
observe Monlam Chenmo (the Great Prayer Festival)**, which they traditionally mark on the third day of Losar. Chinese authorities had previously forbidden them
from this religious observation, but the monks had gathered in defiance of this order. Finding themselves locked out of the prayer hall, the monks were persuaded by
the abbot and members of the Communist Party's monastic watch-dog "Democratic Management Committee" (every monastery has a DMC) to return to their
quarters.

At around 1:40 pm, a young monk named Tabey walked out of the monastery toward Ngaba town, holding high a hand-drawn Tibetan national flag with a picture
of the Dalai Lama at its centre. When he reached the town, Tabey poured petrol on himself and set himself on fire.

Tsering, a monk from Kirti Jheypa monastery in Dharamsala told Voice of Tibet radio that bystanders saw

Tabey shot by security forces.

According to Tsering, bystanders saw him collapse on the ground after they heard three gunshots.

The monk was reportedly taken in a vehicle to a nearby hospital, said Tsering, but it is not known if he is alive or dead at the time of this report going online.

Eyewitness accounts were also received by Free Tibet in London. The sources desribed Tabey shouting freedom slogans as he walked, holding aloft his country's
national symbols.

On arriving in the main town area, Tabe poured petrol over himself and set himself alight.

According to sources he was immediately surrounded by several armed Chinese police. The eyewitnesses reported seeing the armed police pointing guns at Tabe
after he had set himself alight and then heard three separate gun shots. The monk immediately fell to the ground. According to the eyewitnesses the police
extinguished the flames almost immediately after Tabe had collapsed to the ground and then transferred Tabe’s body to a nearby van which drove away to an
unknown location.

If these reports are accurate -- and there are enough witness accounts from different sources that I think they can be accepted as confirmed -- then the occupying
power in Tibet has set its place in history with another first. Never before, to my knowledge, has a self-immolator ever been extinguished by shooting him first.

Was such an order given? Did some Chinese captain give the order to "put out that monk!" and his squad took him literally? Did he give the order to kill? We may
find out, if further information is able to escape the area. Kirti was the scene of one of the earliest massacres of Tibetans last year, after security forces opened fire
on a large group of peaceful protesters on March 16, killing about two dozen people.

On the first day of Losar (Feb. 25) more than 100 monks of Lutsang Monastery in Amdo (Mangra County, Tsolho T-"A"-P, Qinghai) marched to the county
centre, according to reports received by Radio Free Asia. The peaceful candle-light procession began at the Lhamo Yongdzin shrine at 6:30 am, and continued for
about one mile to the Mangra county centre. An exiled monk in contact with Mangra told RFA that the peaceful protest had four main points to present (one can
hardly call these "demands"):

"First, China should understand the aspirations and thoughts of the younger Tibetan generation.

Second, China should understand that this year’s boycott by Tibetans of Losar celebrations could be more widespread than last year’s protests.

"Third, the monks have offered their protest and a candlelight vigil as a gift to all Tibetans everywhere," he said. "And fourth, they pray for the wishes of Tibetans to
be fulfilled."

The vigil continued for around 30 minutes and then dispersed peacefully, similar to the only such demonstration reported from Lutsang last year, on March 10. On
that occasion, several hundred monks and laypeople protested with freedom slogans and dispersed without arrest, reportedly due to the lack of readily available
public insecurity forces.

Lutsang vigil

A local source adds that yesterday the local PSB office posted a notice demanding the leaders of this march to surrender, and threatening to "deal severely with
those who fail to turn themselves in." The source continued, "I have just learned that Lutsang monastery is now surrounded by a force of the People’s Armed Police.
No one is allowed to enter or leave the monastery." Reports to ICT indicate that the demand was in the form of an ultimatum, giving the candle-bearing monks 48
hours to surrender (this would expire on Sunday), and ordering any monks owning a portrait of the Dalai Lama to be expelled from the monastery.

Lutsang Monastery, properly known as Nye Gön Shedrub Dargyey Gempel Ling was founded in 1889 by the Fourth Nye Incarnate, Lobzang Chökyi Nyima
(1850-1909). After the Cultural Revolution the monastery was revived in 1981, during a brief period of religious tolerance by Chinese authorities.

Elsewhere in Tibet, the beginning of Losar passed quietly (other than the televised extravaganza broadcast on state television, shamefully hosted by a Canadian
comedian). A Lhasa resident, calling on a listener hotline run by RFA's Tibetan service, said the Barkhor was packed with soldiers -- making for a frightening
experience just to walk about in the city. Foreigners are banned, but even the recent presence of selected journalists on a contrived "tour" hadn't mitigated the
arbitrary treatment Tibetans receive.

"I saw with my own eyes, on Feb. 10 at 7 p.m., five students arrested by soldiers for no particular reason. People are being detained randomly. The students were
20-somethings, male. An army vehicle

stopped by, and they were thrown straight into the vehicle.

"Everyone who saw it said that was outright injustice. I think it was on the same day when a state media tour was being conducted for journalists from 10 countries.

"Usually, the government media will blast propaganda about how normal and peaceful Lhasa is. But right now, the officers and the authorities are showing very
strong contempt for Tibetans. They’re not bothering to hide it."

Heavy security measures also continue in Lithang, Kardze, Labrang and Rebkong among others, where non-violent protests have persisted. Chinese authorities had
ordered all stores in Kardze to close on the first day of Losar, but most Tibetan shops defied the order and opened for business in the morning.

Authorities there also attempted to bribe the religious institutions into celebrating the occasion, but a resident told RFA that these offers were rebuffed.

"The Tibetan Buddhist monasteries in the Kardze area were offered several thousand yuan for the celebration of Tibetan Losar," the second resident said.

"There are more than 30 large and small nunneries and monasteries in Kardze area. None of them accepted the government's offer. The monasteries said they were
self-supporting and had no need of help for

Losar celebrations."

Prior to the beginning of Losar, an anchor at China's state television was quoted proclaiming, "The atmosphere welcoming the New Year is deepening. Everyone is
praising their happy lives." However, a witness in Lhasa was able to clarify the actual mood. "Compared to last year this time, there are very few people to be seen
in Lhasa. No one in and around Lhasa is celebrating Losar."

Yet another account was received from Lhasa by the Tibet Web Digest blog on Thursday. The correspondent said that if not for the fireworks set off by Chinese
soldiers, one would not know it was the new year at all. Door and window hangings, and prayer flags are traditionally renewed on that day, which was done at the
Jokhang Cathedral by security guards and Communist Party members. These officials then went door to door asking the residents to do the same. But, "most
Tibetans still did not change their window and door hangings and they left the old prayer flags on the roof tops. There was no dancing and singing in the streets; very
few people in the streets. All people (including many officials and cadres) I talked to said that this New Year is different and compared to previous years, this New
Year is not a New Year."

It likely wouldn't be an exaggeration to say that a Losar like this one has never been experienced on the plateau. This is an ancient Tibetan tradition, after all. Yet
according to Liu Yunshan, head of the Communist Party's propaganda department, it is "undeniable" that Chinese policies in Tibet "have created one miracle after
another." Those propaganda guys always give the best quotes.

** - Monlam Chenmo is apparently observed at different times in different places. At Labrang it was due to take place February 13 - 16, and was strictly
prohibited. In an earlier post I quoted an email message from there, in which the writer said that every local government in Amdo was telling its people, "If you will
go to Labrang monastery on the 13th 14th 15th and 16th then we don't take care about for your life." This was an open threat, which have been coming more
frequently of late. Some recent photos of Chinese security measures in Labrang, apparently taken secretly, may be viewed here (also some recent photos of Lhasa).

On January 15, a 27-year old monk at Kirti Monastery, Lobsang Kirti, was arrested at a copy shop under suspicion of producing leaflets objecting to the
authorities' order to observe Monlam Chenmo ahead of the traditional schedule. It appears that the resistance to this order continued until roughly 1,000 Kirti monks
attempted to properly conduct the ceremony yesterday, when they were locked out of their hall. This is what led to the monk Tabey's defiant sacrifice recounted
above.

And on January 27, Chinese police reportedly opened fire on a group of protesting monks at Derge Gonchen Monastery (western Kardze Prefecture) after Chinese
government staff partied on the monastery campus (with women dancing around in monks' robes) over the Chinese New Year. The incident occurred at a facility
normally used for performance of the ritual "Cham" dances, which are a usual part of Monlam Chenmo.

Readers who wish to see what Monlam Chenmo and the Cham dance rituals are like, should take a look at this fine set of images taken at several locations early this
month. Monlam Chenmo rituals are shown taking place at Gomar Monastery in Rebkong, eastern Amdo. I suspect this must have been a government-approved
performance (three weeks prior to Losar), as the photos come from Reuters, AFP, AP and Kyodo News (also a few freelance pics from Derge, Lithang and
Kardze). Journalists from Reuters and McClatchy have been sending reports from Rebkong recently, so this seems to be considered as a showcase area for China's
"one miracle after another."

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