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"We Tibetans are looking for a legitimate and meaningful autonomy, an arrangement that would enable Tibetans to live within the framework of the People’s Republic of China."

The Doctor Is Within

July 23, 2009

By Pico Iyer, New York Times, July 22, 2009

?Dream ? nothing!? is one of the many things I?ve heard the 14th Dalai
Lama say to large audiences that seem to startle the unprepared. Just
before I began an onstage conversation with him at New York Town?s Hall
in May, he told me, ?If I had magical powers, I?d never need an
operation!? and broke into guffaws as he thought of the three-hour
gallbladder operation he?d been through last October, weeks after being
in hospital for another ailment. For a Buddhist, after all, our power
lies nowhere but ourselves.

We can?t change the world except insofar as we change the way we look at
the world ? and, in fact, any one of us can make that change, in any
direction, at any moment. The point of life, in the view of the Dalai
Lama, is happiness, and that lies within our grasp, our untapped
potential, with every breath.

Easy for him to say, you might scoff. He?s a monk, he meditates for four
hours as soon as he wakes up and he?s believed by his flock to be an
incarnation of a god. Yet when you think back on his circumstances, you
recall that he was made ruler of a large and fractious nation when he
was only 4 years old. He was facing a civil war of sorts in Lhasa when
he was just 11, and when he was 15, he was made full political leader
and had to start protecting his country against Mao Zedong and Zhou
Enlai, leaders of the world?s largest (and sometimes least tractable)
nation.

This spring marked the completion of half a century for him in exile,
trying to guide and serve 6 million Tibetans he hasn?t seen in 50 years,
and to rally 150,000 or so exiled Tibetans who have in most cases never
seen Tibet. This isn?t an obvious recipe for producing a vividly
contagious optimism.

Yet in 35 years of talking to the Dalai Lama, and covering him
everywhere from Zurich to Hiroshima, as a non-Buddhist, skeptical
journalist, I?ve found him to be as deeply confident, and therefore
sunny, as anyone I?ve met. And I?ve begun to think that his almost
visible glow does not come from any mysterious or unique source. Indeed,
mysteries and rumors of his own uniqueness are two of the things that
cause him most instantly to erupt into warm laughter. The Dalai Lama
I?ve seen is a realist (which is what makes his optimism the more
impressive and persuasive). And he?s as practical as the man he calls
his ?boss.?

The Buddha generally presented himself as more physician than
metaphysician: if an arrow is sticking out of your side, he famously
said, don?t argue about where it came from or who made it; just pull it
out. You make your way to happiness not by fretting about it or
trafficking in New Age affirmations, but simply by finding the cause of
your suffering, and then attending to it, as any doctor (of mind or
body) might do.

The first words the Dalai Lama reportedly said when he came into exile,
I learned not long ago, were ?Now we are free.? He had just lost his
homeland, his seeming destiny, contact with the people he had been
chosen to rule; he had been forced to undergo a harrowing flight for 14
days across the highest mountains in the world. But his first instinct ?
the result of training and teaching, no doubt, as much as of temperament
? was to look at what he could do better. Now.

He could bring democratic and modern reforms to the Tibetan people that
he might not so easily have done in old Tibet. He and his compatriots
could learn from Western science and other religions, and give something
back to them. He could create a new, improved Tibet ? global and
contemporary ? outside Tibet. The very condition that most of us would
see as loss, severance and confinement, he saw as possibility.

Not all Tibetans can be quite so sanguine and far-sighted, of course,
and in terms of a resolution of Tibet?s political predicament with
China, the Dalai Lama has made no visible progress in 50 years. Beijing
is only coming down harder and harder on Tibet, as he frankly admits.
But when I watch him around the world, I see that he?s visiting other
countries and traditions in part to offer concrete, practical tips for
happiness, or inner health, the way any physician might when making a
house call. Think in terms of enemies, he suggests, and the only loser
is yourself.

Concentrate on external wealth, he said at Town Hall, and at some point
you realize it has limits ? and you?re still feeling discontented. Take
his word as law, he constantly implies, and you?re doing him ? as well
as yourself ? a disservice, as you do when assuming that any physician
is infallible, or can protect his patients from death in the end.

None of these are Buddhist laws as such ? though in his case they arise
from Buddhist teaching ? any more than the law of universal gravitation
is Christian, just because it happened to be formulated by Isaac Newton
(who said, ?God created everything by number, weight and measure?). I?ve
been spending time for 18 years in a Benedictine monastery, and the
monks I know there have likewise found out how to be delighted by the
smallest birthday cake. Happiness is not pleasure, they know, and
unhappiness, as the Buddhists say, is not the same as suffering.
Suffering ? in the sense of old age, sickness and death ? is the law of
life; unhappiness is just the position we choose ? or can not choose ?
to bring to it.

Not long ago, I was traveling with the Dalai Lama across Japan and
another journalist came into our bullet-train compartment for an
interview. ?Your Holiness,? he said, ?you have seen so much sorrow and
loss in your life. Your people have been killed and your country has
been occupied. You have had to worry about the welfare of Tibet every
day since you were four years old. How can you always remain so happy
and smiling??

?My profession,? said the Dalai Lama instantly, as if he hardly had to
think about it. His answer could mean many things, but one of the better
things it meant to me was that that kind of happiness is within the
reach of almost anyone. We can work on it as we work on our backhands,
our soufflés or our muscles in the gym. True happiness, in that sense,
doesn?t mean trying to acquire things, so much as letting go of things
(our illusions and attachments). It?s only the clouds of
short-sightedness or ignorance, the teachers from the Dalai Lama?s
tradition suggest, that prevent us from seeing that our essential
nature, whether we?re Buddhist or not, is blue sky.

(Pico Iyer is the author of nine books, most recently, ?The Open Road:
The Global Journey of the Fourteenth Dalai Lama,? just out in paperback.)
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