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Transcript: Press conference on Central Govt's contacts with Dalai Lama

February 11, 2010

China Daily (People's Republic of China)
Tibet.cn
February 10, 2010

At 10:00 am February 2, 2010, Tuesday, the State Council Information
Office held a press conference, in which Mr. Zhu Weiqun, Executive
Vice-Minister of the United Front Work Department of the CPC Central
Committee and some other officials were invited to introduce the
latest talks between the Central Government officials and the private
representatives of the 14th Dalai Lama. Guo Weimin, director of the
State Council Information Office press department hosts the press conference.

The following is the text record for this conference:

Guo Weimin: Ladies and gentlemen, good morning. Welcome to today's
press conference.

We have invited Zhu Weiqun, Executive Vice-Minister of the United
Front Work Department of the CPC Central Committee, Sitar,
Vice-Minister of the United Front Work Department of the CPC Central
Committee and Nyima Tsering, Vice-Chairman of the People's Congress
of the Tibet Autonomous Region to introduce the latest talks between
the Central Government officials and private representatives of the
14th Dalai Lama, and they are also ready to answer reporters'
questions. Now, let's welcome Vice-Minister Zhu Weiqun to talk first.

Press conference on central govt's contacts with Dalai Lama (Text)

Zhu Weiqun, Executive Vice-Minister of the United Front Work
Department of the CPC Central Committee at the press conference.
[Photo/Tibet.cn]

Zhu Weiqun: Ladies and gentlemen, I am very glad to see you here. I
am also pleased to see more reporters today compared with the press
conference held in November 2008. Now I would like to brief you on
the major situation concerning the recent contact and talks with the
14th Dalai Lama's private representatives.

Zhu Weiqun: The 14th Dalai Lama's private representatives, Mr. Lodi
Gyari, Mr. Kelsang Gyaltsen and three other assistants came back to
China and stayed from January 26 to 31. Du Qinglin, Vice-Chairman of
the National Committee of the Chinese People's Political Consultative
Conference (CPPCC) and Minister of the United Front Work Department
of the CPC Central Committee, had an interview with them. Sitar,
Vice-Minister of the United Front Work Committee of the CPC Central
Committee, Nyima Tsering, Vice-Chairman of the People's Congress of
the Tibet Autonomous Region and I talked to them for a whole day. We
also arranged them to visit the late Chairman Mao Zedong's former
residence at Shaoshan as well as the Xiangxi Tujia and Miao
Autonomous Prefecture in Hunan.

Zhu Weiqun: In his interview with the private representatives of the
14th Dalai Lama, Vice-chairman Du Qinglin talked about the Central
Government's successful response to the global financial crisis, the
celebration of the 60th anniversary of the founding of the PRC as
well as the Fifth National Conference on Work in Tibet held recently
by the CPC Central Committee and the State Council. He pointed out
that this conference established the strategic target for Tibet to
achieve leap-forward development and long-lasting peace and
stability. The conference especially demonstrated the brilliant
achievements in Tibet in the new century and stressed various tasks
so as to implement the "moderate prosperity" program in an all round
way in Tibet, to ensure and improve the people's livelihood, to
promote ecological environment construction and protection as well as
Tibetan culture preservation and development. All of these show that
the CPC Central Committee and the Central Government attach high
importance to Tibet's socio-economic development and improved living
quality of people of various ethnic groups in Tibet.

Vice-Chairman Du Qinglin pointed out that if the 14th Dalai Lama does
wish to see progress made during the talks and improved relations
with the Central Government, he should respect history, face up to
reality and go with the times, and make a thorough self-examination
of his words and deeds and radically correct his political propositions.

Vice-Chairman Du Qinglin stressed the following aspects:

1) The State's interests should not be infringed on. There is no room
to talk about the issues concerning State sovereignty and territory,
and there is no possibility for the slightest compromise.

2) The PRC's Constitution and the guiding principals should not be
trampled on. The so-called "Greater Tibet" and "high degree of
autonomy" obviously violate the PRC's Constitution. Only if they
completely give up their separatist stand could contact and talks
between the Central Government and the 14th Dalai side have a
foundation and the 14th Dalai Lama have a way out.

3) National dignity brooks no vilification. Their contact and talks
with the Central Government will make no progress if the 14th Dalai
Lama continues to engage in anti-China propaganda and sabotage
activities in the international arena, a move that shows he lacks
fundamental respect and sincerity.

4) Common wishes of people of various ethnic groups in China should
not be violated. The people in Tibet cherish stable society, so any
infiltrative and sabotage activities will not succeed. But, these
activities will create obstacles for contact and talks and will make
the 14th Dalai Lama more isolated.

Zhu Weiqun: In our talks with Lodi Gyari and his party, we first
pointed out that more than one year has passed since the previous
contact in November of 2008. This was the longest interval after we
resumed contact and talks in 2002. The major reason lies in the fact
that they openly declared at the "special meeting on the future of
Tibet" held in November 2008 that they would cease contact and talks
with the Central Government. Even in such a situation, the Central
Government did not shut the door to contact and talks, and, instead,
the Central Government scheduled the contact and talks according to
their request; this fully shows our sincerity and consistent attitude.

Zhu Weiqun: In the last talk, Lodi Gyari presented us a "Memorandum
for All Tibetans to Enjoy Genuine Autonomy". Ambigious words were
intentionally used in this memorandum in an attempt to explain
"Greater Tibet" and "high degree of autonomy". Actually, the essence
of these words was "half independence" or "convert independence".
Therefore, we solemnly refuted them. And this time, they presented us
"Explanation to the Memorandum", declaring that they would not revise
a single word in the "Memorandum for All Tibetans to Enjoy Genuine
Autonomy", nor make any concession. In the "Explanation to the
Memorandum", they reaffirmed that the "Tibet government-in-exile
represents the interests of the Tibetans " and "as the legal
representative of Tibetans, the 14th Dalai Lama enjoys the status
which allows no doubt at any time." They declared that they would
discuss with us about the "Tibet issue" and "the welfare of the 6
million Tibetans". We solemnly pointed out that the former local
government of Tibet launched an armed rebellion on March 10, 1959. On
the 28th, Premier Zhou Enlai issued the State Council decree ordering
that the local government of Tibet be disorganized and its role be
replaced by the Preparatory Committee for the Establishment of the
Tibet Autonomous Region. The so-called "Tibet government-in-exile",
composed of those who defected to India and gathered there,
absolutely violates China's laws. On December 17, 1964, the State
Council held its plenary session which adopted the "Decision on
Dismissing the Dalai Lama from His Post". The Decision points out:
"The Dalai Lama launched a treasonable armed rebellion in 1959, and
then he organized an illegal government-in-exile and promulgated an
illegal constitution. All of these have proved the fact that he
already alienated himself from the motherland and the people." If the
illegal government is not dissolved and the illegal constitution is
not abolished, the clique will remain opposite to China's Central
Government and the government of the Tibet Autonomous Region, and it
is a political clique which violates the PRC Constitution and splits
the motherland.

Zhu Weiqun: We solemnly point out that the Central Government and the
government of the Tibet Autonomous Region under its leadership are
the only representatives of the Tibetans. Lodi Gyari and his party
are not qualified to discuss with us the affairs related to the Tibet
Autonomous Region as they are only the private representatives of the
14th Dalai Lama. What they can do is to talk with us about things
related to the future of the Dalai Lama and, at most, a small party
around him, namely the questions as to whether the 14th Dalai Lama
will stop splitting the motherland, and how to win the Central
Government's confidence and gain the forgiveness of all Chinese
people. The Central Government made clear its attitude toward the
14th Dalai Lama and his clique some 50 years ago, so did its attitude
toward the "Memorandum for All Tibetans to Enjoy Genuine Autonomy"
one year ago. What Lodi Gyari and his party should do is to correct
their mistakes rather than to repeat the contents in the "Memorandum"
and then produce the "Explanation to the Memorandum".

Zhu Weiqun: We point out that, if the 14th Dalai Lama does wish to
improve his relations with the Central Government, he should first
talk with the Central Government. However, after the last contact and
talks, they continued to openly collude with various separatist
forces to attack the Communist Party of China and the Central
Government. They left no stone unturned to undermine social peace and
stability in China, slandering and damaging the image of China,
disturbing the State heads' visits to foreign countries and harming
the safety of our nation's territory and sovereignty. The 14th Dalai
Lama even openly and repeatedly declared. "No doubt, I am a son of
India." He should clearly explain what he meant by this.

We emphatically point out that improving the relations with the 14th
Dalai Lama is China's internal affair which outsiders have no right
to make any opinions. However, the 14th Dalai Lama makes very
frequent international activities in search of foreign support. In
fact, he already plays a role of a troublemaker in the world, which
will arouse the Chinese people to feel antipathy against him and will
create obstacles to contact and talks.

Zhu Weiqun: The basic requests that the Central Government mentioned
to the 14th Dalai Lama are as follows: we will make talks about the
future of the 14th Dalai Lama and others around him so long as he
really gives up trying to split the motherland, ceases activities
conducted with a view to splitting the motherland, and openly admits
Tibet is an inalienable part of China, Taiwan is an inalienable part
of China, and the Government of the People's Republic of China is the
only legal government representing China. The 14th Dalai Lama is
already 75 years old, and we hope that he will face up to reality,
change his stand and make a correct choice in his remaining years.

Zhu Weiqun: And now, my colleagues and I are ready to answer your
questions. And you are welcome to ask sharp questions.

Guo Weimin: Well, just as what Vice-Minister Zhu said, let's begin.
Please tell us what news agency you represent when asking questions.

Reporter from CCTV: Thank you. My question is for Vice-Minister Zhu
Weiqun. I wonder if this new talks are still as dead-locked as
before? Do the two sides still refuse to budge? And what of the new
contact? And what are the prospects of the future talks?

Zhu Weiqun: Just like the previous talks, the positions of the two
sides are very different. As a matter of fact, we have become
ourselves accustomed to these sharply divided positions, because we
are totally opposed to each other on standpoints. However, I think we
have made some progress during the recent talks.

Firstly, we arranged them to visit Chairman Mao Zedong's former
residence at Shaoshan and tour in Xiangxi Tujia and Miao Autonomous
Prefecture in Hunan Province. This has made it possible for them to
gain a deeper understanding and knowledge about the actual situation
of our country as well as the implementation of our regional autonomy system.

Secondly, after an interval of more than one year, CPPCC
Vice-Chairman Du Qinglin met with them again, briefing them on the
development China has made in national construction, the celebration
of the 60th anniversary of the founding of the PRC and the recently
concluded Fifth National Conference on Work in Tibet. This was
helpful for them to better understand the policy and guidelines of
the Central Government. As Du is Vice-Chairman of the CPPCC National
Committee, and he is one of our national leaders, so therefore, we
have given them quite high treatment in terms of arrangement.

Thirdly, my colleges and I have had a whole day talking with them.
During this talks, we had a heated debate, but this debate was not
totally negative. Through this debate, we can see where we stand
differently and how big our differences are. And through this debate,
the 14th Dalai Lama can also get the idea where he stands. Actually
before and during each round of talks, I always said that no matter
how unpleasant the words were from the other side, please listen to
what he has to say and actually we have practiced this during each
round of our talks. And this is quite an effective way.

Fourthly, this round of talks is different from the last one. Because
during the last round of talks in November 2008, when our talks were
about to end, Lodi Gyari was so unhappy when we rejected the
"Memorandum for All Tibetans to Enjoy Genuine Autonomy" he submitted
that he said he was not sure whether they would like to have the next
round of talks with us. But this time he sincerely looks forward to
the next round of talks. I think he has a better attitude this time.

Zhu Weiqun: And as to the prospects of the talks, our attitude and
position are consistent as before--we will keep the door open for
contact and talks with the private representatives of the 14th Dalai
Lama. However, it will be impossible for them to talk with us with
regards anything about the so-called "Greater Tibet" and "high degree
of autonomy", which in fact means "half independence" or "convert
independence". If the representatives of the 14th Dalai Lama insist
that they should talk with us about things such as the "Dalai Lama is
the the legal representative of Tibetans", and, on the other hand,
refuse to talk about the future of the 14th Dalai Lama, then I think
the result of future talks will remain to be the same as the talks
held in 2002.

In November 2008, the so-called "special meeting on the future of
Tibet" was held, deciding they would cease contact and talks with the
Central Government. We do hope that they will not repeat this mistake
in the future.

Reporter from Reuters: Thank you, I'm from Reuters. My question is
that if the US president Barack Obama meets with the Dalai Lama later
this year, and how would this affect Sino-US ties? Thank you.

Zhu Weiqun: The relationship between the Central Government and the
14th Dalai Lama is completely an internal affairs of China. Therefore
we oppose any attempt from any foreign forces to interfere in China's
internal affairs, by citing the 14th Dalai Lama as an excuse. On this
issue our position and our attitude have been consistent, clear-cut
and unchangeable. It was reported recently that US President Obama
may meet with the 14th Dalai Lama soon, and if that is the case, we
will adopt the position we held before that we strongly appose it. I
believe if the US leader chooses to do such a thing, his behavior is
unreasonable and with no benefits. Some people argue that the 14th
Dalai Lama is merely a religious figure. Actually this is not the
case. As I have said just now, he is not a religious figure; instead
he is the head of a separatist political group, who leads a
government-in-exile with an illegal constitution, a constitution
which describes that the 14th Dalai Lama is the supreme head both
politically and relationally of this political group. And I do urge
those who know nothing about the illegal constitution to check about it.

Zhu Weiqun: Whenever the foreign political leaders meet the 14th
Dalai Lama on grounds of a religious figure, I always feel it really
unreasonable. Forgetting the fact, ignoring the 14th Dalai Lama's
government-in-exile, and illegal constitution, someone calls him not
a political figure. Is it reasonable? Such kind of statements is
totally self-deceptive and they can't even persuade themselves. Since
the US leaders admit that the People's Republic of China is the only
legal government of China and admit Tibet is a part of China, why
still have such a relationship with the 14th Dalai Lama, the leader
of that government-in-exile? It heavily damages to the political
foundation of Sino-US relations and totally breaches the
international rules. It can be called unreasonable.

Zhu Weiqun: What does "with any benefit" mean? The relationship
between China and the United States is one of the most important
diplomatic relations for both countries and to develop the relations
benefits both sides, especially at the time when the world is hit by
the global financial crisis. If the leaders of the United States
choose to meet with the 14th Dalai Lama at this point of time, it
would inevitably threaten the trust and cooperation between the two
countries. So, will it help the United State to get through the
financial crisis? This is what I say "with any benefit". We Chinese
look down upon those who seek for their own benefits at the expense
of others, but what I explained just now means harming others without
benefiting oneself.

For a long time, some in the United State have tried to use the
available political and financial resources and the public sympathy
in their countries to support the 14th Dalai Lama who is none other
but the representative of the feudal serfdom featuring temporal and
religious administration. Those people are doing this without
benefiting themselves and it is not a good deal. The Chinese people
will never turn a blind eye to those who are working to undermine
China's territorial integrity, national unification and dignity.
Comrade Deng Xiaoping said: One should never expect the Chinese to
swallow the bitter pill which harms their benefits. Of course, we
don't want to see that happen, but if it does happen, then we will
respond to make those relative countries realize this point.

Sitar, Vice-Minister of the United Front Work Department of the CPC
Central Committee at the press conference. [Photo/Tibet.cn]

Sitar: In November 2008, when Vice-Minister Du Qinglin met with the
private representative of the 14th Dalai Lama, he made it very clear:
We stick to the leadership of the Communist Party of China, stick to
the system of socialism, stick to that the regional autonomy system,
which is stipulated by China's Constitution. This is the political
fact in Tibet. Any attempt aiming to deny those "three sticks" will
be totally unacceptable. The 14th Dalai Lama side once said that they
would accept these "three sticks", but we found that their deeds did
not match their words.

Sitar: Here are simple examples. The 14th Dalai Lama said on May 5
last year in New York: The CPC has been in power for 60 years, and it
is time for it to retire. On August 2, when the 14th Dalai Lama
received an interview by a foreign journalist, he again said: The CPC
has been in rule for 60 years and this is the year one needs to
retire. So, can you call that he is respecting the CPC leadership
when he made such remarks? Another example is that, in March last
year, when people of various ethnic groups in Tibet were celebrating
the 50th anniversary of the emancipation of the 1 million serfs and
slaves, the 14th Dalai Lama side organized people to attack more than
30 Chinese diplomatic missions in foreign countries. Moreover,
October 1 last year marked the 60th anniversary of the founding of
the PRC, which was a grand occasion for all Chinese people, but the
14th Dalai Lama side instructed some Tibet secessionists to launch
protests, attack and make trouble in front of our Chinese embassies
and consulates in foreign countries. In 2009 alone, the Dalai clique
amassed some 10,000 people to make troubles at more than 40 Chinese
embassies and consulates in foreign countries.

After the July 9 riots in Urumqi of the Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous
Region, the 14th Dalai Lama issued a statement on July 9 saying that
he "is really sad by what happened in East Turkistan." Everyone knows
"East Turkistan" has never existed in history. It is something
actually produced by the separatists. So by using such a title, the
14th Dalai Lama has his own intention which is obvious to all.

On September 11, the 14th Dalai Lama and Rebiya Kadeer attended a
so-called international seminar in the Czech Republic, and had a
private meeting with the Uygur separatist leader. After that, the
14th Dalai Lama held a news conference during which he expressed his
support for Rebiya Kadeer. From these we see although the 14th Dalai
Lama said he respects the "three sticks", what he in fact shows that
he has never stopped working to overthrow the people's democratic
government under the leadership of the CPC, split socialist China,
and deny the regional autonomy system.

We have also noticed that in their separatist activities, the Dalai
clique claims themselves to be "representative of the Tibetan people"
and work under the cloak of working for the "genuine autonomy of
Tibet". During the talks with the private representatives of the 14th
Dalai Lama, Nyima Tsering, Vice-Chairman of the People's Congress of
the Tibet Autonomous Region, I made it very clear to them that they
are not representing the interests of the Tibetan people, but the
benefits of the former serf-owners in old Tibet who had long been
overthrown by the Tibetans, and what they seek is not the genuine
autonomy for all Tibetan people, but to restore the dictatorship
featuring temporal and religious administration in old Tibet, and to
deprive the Tibetans of their hard-earned democratic right.

I notice there are many foreign reporters present on the occasion. We
expect you will pass what Nyima Tsering and I have said just now to
others, so that more people can know our view.

Zhu Weiqun: Sitar has made a good speech and I would like to add a
few words. In the past year since the talks we had in November 2008,
the 14th Dalai Lama has repeated several ideas over and over again.
One is "the Communist Party should retire", and the other is "the
Chinese government and the Chinese military planned the March 14
riots in Lhasa in 2008 but accused the Tibetan government-in-exile of
doing this". The third idea he loves very much is that the region to
the south of "McMahon Line", which we call southern Tibet, is the
"territory of India." He also calls himself "a son of India". I have
just mentioned a few, and I have bunch of them. Do you think these
words can reflect he respects the CPC, and respects the PRC? How can
he improve the relationship with Central Government when he is saying
these words? Therefore, for the 14th Dalai Lama, he has to change his
bad behavior characteristic of saying this but doing things differently.

The examples Sitar and I have cited are all taken from the media run
by the 14th Dalai Clique and Western media who sympathize with him;
none of these come from the Chinese media.

Reporter from Voice of America: I have two questions. In your answer,
you said China fully rejected the "Memorandum" that Lodi Gyari
refered to. I want to ask in what aspects that the Chinese Central
Government can make a concession, otherwise how would the Dalai Lama
have further talks with you? The second one is in your description,
there's nothing but criticism, can I ask why you still want to have
talks with them?

Zhu Weiqun: The 14th Dalai Lama has never hidden his political
proposition. The so-called "Greater Tibet" and "high degree of
autonomy" are all known by the public. These issues are all related
to China's territory and sovereignty. There's no room for negotiation
and we will make no concession in this regard. But why we still hold
talks with them? Because we want to give the 14th Dalai Lama a chance
to correct his mistakes. Although the 14th Dalai Lama has long been
engaging in activities geared to split the motherland, he said he
would not seek "Tibetan independence" at the end of the late 1970s
when China launched the reform and opening-up program. Given this,
the Central Government began contact and talks with his people who
were also arranged to visit the hinterland and Tibet as well.
Although the Dalai clique plotted riots in Lhasa in the late 1980s,
which resulted in enormous loss in terms of life and property for the
Tibetans, the 14th Dalai Lama later expressed willingness to solve
problems under the framework of the Chinese Constitution and within
of the PRC. So, we started to resume contact and talks with them again.

Zhu Weiqun: Havn't we shown enough sincerity? Isn't it flexible we
have made? Isn't it enough careness we have given to the Dalai Lama?
Does it mean we have made good concession only when we let him come
back to Tibet and resume feudal serfdom system and carry out "the
Greater Tibet" or "high degree of autonomy"? We have carefully
explained and talked to them on the "Memorandum for All Tibetans to
Enjoy Genuine Autonomy" and then the "Explanation to the Memorandum".
In the talks in November 2008, I told Lodi Gyari, "We will not
discuss with you the 'Tibet Issue', but we may examine your
'Memorandum' so that we can find out whether you will give up 'Tibet
independence' and go back to the patriotic position". And we did
fully analyze this "Memorandum" in seven aspects and warned them
against the fact that the "Memorandum" is completely against the
Central Government and the PRC Constitution. When we said so we were
showing them our sincerity and patience, as we could simply ignore
the "Memorandum" at all. This time, however, Lodi Gyari again refered
to the "Memorandum" to the Central Government, so we could do nothing
but criticize them again. If the 14th Dalai Lama doesn't want to be
criticized, simply give up all that "Tibet independence", "half
Independence" or "convert independence". Until then, the Central
Government is satisfied and we will praise him, that's for sure.

Reporter from China News Agency: In the press release sent out
yesterday about Vice-Chairman Du Qinglin's interview with the private
representatives of the 14th Dalai Lama, we talked about the
development and strategic target of the Tibet Autonomous Region since
the Fourth National Conference on Work in Tibet held recently. I
would like to ask Nyima Tsering, Vice-Chairman of the People's
Congress of Tibet Autonomous Region, to say something about his
assessment of Tibet's development and his ideas about the future.

Nyima Tsering: Thanks to the unremitting efforts made over the past
50 years since the Democratic Reform in 1959-1960, especially over
the past 30-odd years since the reform and opening-up, people in the
Tibet Autonomous Region now lead a well-off life and the development
of Tibet stands at a new height. Tibet's GDP saw a 12.1% increase
last year, with the average annual income of farmers and herdsmen
rising up by 13%. The farming and pastoral areas in Tibet were also
changed for the better: some 230,000 households composed of 1.23
million members moved into new houses; the construction of
infrastructure has witnessed tremendous improvement; the protection
and development of ecological environment has been strengthened in an
all-round way; the public causes, including education, science and
technology, culture and public health have all developed quickly. The
Tibet Autonomous Region now enjoys social peace and stability and
people lead a good and prosperous life. Students go to school,
workers do their jobs, Buddhist believers pay pilgrimage,
--everything is normal. The Tibetan people yearn for further
development and ever-lasting peace and stability. and cherish the
hard-won happy life. It has been the common view of all the people in
the Tibet Autonomous Region that unity and stability are fortune,
split-up and riots are misfortune. We are glad to see that Tibet
received more tourists from home and abroad last year, the number
received reaching 5.56 million. Tibet earned 5.24 billion yuan from
this, which is a record high.

Nyima Tsering: Since the early 1980s, the CPC Central Committee and
the State Council have held five National Conferences on Work in
Tibet., I participated in three of these conferences. During the
period, the Central Government has increased its aid and support to
the region in a progressive way. During the period from 2001 to 2008,
for example, the Central Government transferred payments in Tibet to
the tune of 154.1 billion yuan, accounting for 93.7% of Tibet's total
financial revenues in the same period. In other words, of 100 yuan
spent by Tibet, some 90 yuan come from the Central Government. There
is no one political party like the CPC which is aiding the
development of a minority region with resources pooled throughout the
country for more than 10 years running. As a cadre of a minority
ethnic group, I am deeply moved by what the Central Government is
doing. I participated in three of these national conferences and
receive benefits from the Central Government aid. The Fifth National
Conference on Work in Tibet held recently shows loving care of the
CPC Central Committee headed by General Secretary Hu Jintao for us
Tibetans. The conference yielded fruitful result. It adopted
strategic measures for the fast development of Tibet and to guarantee
long-term stability in the region. It is of landmark significance for
Tibet in building it into a moderately prosperous society.

Nyima Tsering: If you ask me about Tibet's future, I will tell you:
With the loving care of the CPC Central Committee and the State
Council, and their special aid and support from people in other parts
of China, and with the staunch leadership of the CPC Tibet Committee
and the hard struggle waged by the broad masses of people in Tibet,
by 2020, the people of Tibet will be able to lead a well-off life,
just as people in other parts of China do. Tibet will have a more
beautiful tomorrow!

Reporter From South China Morning Post: If the Dalai Lama insists the
"Memorandum" be not revised, will there be the next round of talks?
When will it be held? Was the recent talks held as proposed by the
Beijing side?

Zhu Weiqun: As we have said before, we will not close the door to the
talks unless he openly declares "Tibet independence". The "special
meeting on the future of Tibet" held in November 2008 made a
"resolution" to the effect that if the talks produce no results as
they wished, one day they will re-engage in "Tibet independence."
Samdhong, the chief bkav-blon of the so-called "government-in-exile"
said they were taking the "middle way" but this does not mean they
would not have the right to engage in "Tibet independence." It is
true that some people in the Dalai clique wish to work for the "Tibet
independence". But they know that the balance of forces and the
situation do not allow them to do so. Once they believe the situation
is advantageous to them, clearly, they will do whatever they please.
Under the present situation, our door remains open to the talks. But
I have no idea whether the 14th Dalai Lama will close the door
himself. Whether there will be the next round of talks depends on the
attitude of the 14th Dalai Lama.

Just now, the reporter asked who proposed the recent talks. It is the
14th Dalai Lama who made the proposal. When they have decided not to
contact and talk about the resolution, what do you expect us to
contact and talk to them?

Reporter from the Journal of the Austrian Side: I have two questions.
First, three of you have repeatedly said that the TAR government is
the only government that represents the interest of Tibetans. I want
to ask if you have ever carried out the survey to learn the view of
people in Tibet, especially those ethnic Tibetans as to how they see
about Tibet, the "Tibet issue". How to understand the "Tibet issue"?.
And my second question is for Mr. Zhu. Just now you said that the
Dalai Lama is now 75 years old. And some successors may choose to
have the harder line disregard, so I wonder if you have ever done
anything to try to learn the view of successors. Are you worried
about the possibility whether the "Tibet issue" will become more
difficult to solve after the Dalai Lama"

Nyima Tsering: I will answer the first question and then invite Sitar
to give some supplements.

Just now, you said the TAR government led by the CCP is the only
government who can represent the interests of the Tibetan people. I
really agree. I have said the Tibetans regard unity and stability as
happiness and separative activities and riots as a disaster. We have
already got such a common understanding. More and more Tibetans, me
included, think the 14th Dalai Lama is not a pure religious leader.
Under the cloak of religion, he is the head of a political group who
has long been working to tear Tibet from the motherland and violate
national unity. We have once launched a public-opinion poll and
released the result on some media. We have expressed our opinion and
standpoint when we talked with the private representatives of the
14th Dalai Lama.

Sitar: I want to add a few more words. You once asked whether we know
the views of Tibetan people. For the Fifth National Conference on
Work in Tibet held recently, the Central Government made full
preparations. Efforts were therefore made to know more of the Tibetan
folks, especially the Tibetan farmers and herders, as to what they
yearn for and how could the Central Government help them. For the
past year, the Central Government sent over 300 groups of cadres
headed by leaders at the provincial and ministerial level to do
investigation in seven prefectures and cities in Tibet and nine Party
and Central Government leaders did the same in the region.

I am with the department attached to the Central Government, which is
in charge of doing the research for the creation of major policies
for Tibet, and therefore often go visit Tibet and other
Tibetan-inhabited areas. I can saywith responsibility that the
Tibetan people yearn for a better life and the well-off society. They
cherish the hard-won happy life and they are afraid of the returning
of feudal serfdom featuring temporal and religious administration,
because they are unwilling to be serfs and slaves, hate to see their
basic human rights they enjoy now be faked away. From bottom of their
heart, they know that a powerful country, national unity and social
stability are the foundation of their happy life and Tibet's
development. Here lies their greatest wish.

Zhu Weiqun: You asked whether it will be more difficult for us to
address the "Tibet issue" after the death of the 14th Dalai Lama.
This is an interesting question. It is my habit to answer questions
in a direct way and I will also give you a very direct answer.

To begin with, on such occasions as the news conference, it's
impolite for us to discuss something about the death of an old man in
his seventies. As in Chinese customs traditions, we usually try to
avoid such topic. The 14th Dalai Lama is such kind of person who had
met Chairman Mao Zedong, so we do hope that he can enjoy a long life.
And we do hope that in his remaining years, he can prepare well for
his own future. Actually, he must be very clear that some foreign
forces are flattering him or supporting him. They are actually doing
a deceit to him instead of helping him. Some foreign forces urged him
to carry out anti-china activities. Now more than 50 years have
passed since the 1959 armed rebellion, the 14th Dalai Lama has
achieved nothing. The only result is that he is now further and
further away from home. The present status quo and future of Tibet
depend on the decision by the people across China, including the
Tibetans, and will not be changed simply because whether the 14th
Dalai Lama is with us or not. Some friends asked me whether we worry
about violence and extremist tendencies among the overseas Tibetans
when the 14th Dalai Lama has left. We have intensive connections with
Tibetans aboard, and we have learned that the majority of them only
want to lead a happy and stable life overseas, and want to have
exchanges with their relatives and friends in Tibet. Some of them
even want to contribute to the development of Tibet. They will not
give any support to the violent or terrorist activities. So we would
like our foreign friend to know thist. Of course, we can not rule out
the possibility about the violent and terrorist happening. But again,
I would urge them to have a look at our history from which they will
understand that such moves will end in failure. If they want to
involve in violence or terrorism, they could no longer keep the title
of "pacifists" and "non-violent forces". They will be classified as
the terrorists. So, your question is something that those close to
the 14th Dalai Lama should think about what they should do one day
when the Dalai Lama is not with them.

Guo Weimin: So much for today's press conference. Thank you!
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